Tucked into rolling countryside from southwestern France to Spain’s northern coast lies a treasure trove of artifacts and art left by early humans tens of thousands of years ago. Witness some of the oldest art in the world in caves from Lascaux to El Castillo, and marvel at the artistic skill and sensitivity of our early ancestors. 

Starting at: $6,995 * Price includes special offer Make a Reservation Ask Us A Question or Call 855-330-1542
 The exquisite artistry of prehistoric painters in the cave of Lascaux II
 Drawings in Altamira cave in Santillana Del Mar, Spain
 The castle of Beynac, placed high above the plains of the Dordogne region
 La Vezere river valley in Dordogne
 Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, the Dordogne
 The city of Toulouse
 Saint-Etienne square in Toulouse
 Cantabria, Spain
 Atapuerca archaeological site near Burgos
 Las Monedas cave drawing in Cantabria, Spain
 Bilbao and the Basque countryside
 The city of Bilbao
 Bilbao's Old Town

Prehistoric Caves of France and Spain

10 days from $6,995

Tucked into rolling countryside from southwestern France to Spain’s northern coast lies a treasure trove of artifacts and art left by early humans tens of thousands of years ago. Witness some of the oldest art in the world in caves from Lascaux to El Castillo, and marvel at the artistic skill and sensitivity of our early ancestors. 

or Call 855-330-1542


Tucked into rolling countryside from southwestern France to Spain’s northern coast lies a treasure trove of artifacts and art left by early humans tens of thousands of years ago. Gain insights into these Stone Age civilizations as you make your way from the stunning Dordogne region into the Basque country of France and Spain, exploring World Heritage-listed prehistoric sites both celebrated and little-known. Witness some of the oldest art in the world in caves from Lascaux to El Castillo, and marvel at the artistic skill and sensitivity of our early ancestors. 

Highlights Include

  • Dordogne/Périgord: Spend three days immersed in a landscape of spectacular karst cliffs and castles, visiting charming villages along the way. 
  • Cave Art: Visit two of the world’s premier prehistoric cave art sites—Lascaux IV and Altamira—and meet with leading archaeologists and anthropologists working in the field for private lectures and tours of important paleontological sites.   
  • Atapuerca: Venture into the World Heritage site of Atapuerca with an archaeologist and learn about the incredible range of fossils and artifacts that continue to be unearthed here. 
  • Basque Country: Get acquainted with Basque culture in France and Spain, and enjoy a free afternoon to explore the architectural gems of Bilbao, the largest city in Spain’s Basque country.
  • Unique accommodations: Stay in a cliff-side village on the Vézère River, an age-old monastery in Toulouse, and a parador in medieval Santillana del Mar. Discover Neanderthal cuisine during a prehistoric lunch and enjoy exceptional food and wine throughout your journey. 


Days 1 & 2 — Depart the U.S. and arrive in Bordeaux

Depart the U.S. on a transatlantic flight to Bordeaux, France. 

Upon arrival, journey into the French countryside to the beautiful Dordogne region, also known by its historic name, Périgord. Here, the Dordogne River winds its way through an undulating karst landscape of cliffs and caves where prehistoric humans made their shelter. Check into a delightful country inn in the village of Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, and gather for a welcome reception and dinner with your Smithsonian Journeys Expert and fellow travelers. (R,D)

Day 3 — Vézère Valley: Les Eyzies and Font-de-Gaume

Evidence of early humans abounds in the World Heritage-listed Vézère Valley, where some 150 prehistoric sites—as well as more than 25 decorated caves—are tucked among forested hills and charming villages. Learn about the Paleolithic civilization that inhabited this valley at the National Museum of Prehistory, housed in a 16th-century castle adjacent to cliffs where prehistoric artifacts were found. After lunch at leisure, take a guided tour of Font-de-Gaume, a cave filled with polychrome paintings created 14,000 years ago. Covered with some 200 figures of animals, the cave is best known for its frieze of bison, discovered by scientists who were cleaning the cave in the 1960s. (B,D)

Day 4 — Lascaux IV and Castel Merle

One of the most famous prehistoric art sites in the world, Lascaux was discovered accidently by local youths in 1940. The original cave has been closed to the public since 1963, but the new Lascaux IV, opened in 2016, is an exact replica of the site. Join a prehistoric cave expert on a specially arranged tour of Lascaux IV and the state-of-the-art International Center for Cave Art in Montignac. Examine the cave’s meticulously recreated paintings and experience how archaeologists discovered the ancient art. Sit down to a “prehistoric” lunch—made with ingredients used by the Neanderthals.

In the afternoon, join archaeologist Isabelle Castanet for a visit to Abri Castel-Merle, a complex of nine prehistoric stone shelters excavated and preserved by several generations of the Castanet family. End the day at Rouffignac cave, which stretches eight kilometers and is known for its hundreds of drawings and carvings of mammoths. (B,L,D)

Day 5 — Pech Merle and Toulouse

Travel south into the Lot region to the enormous cave of Pech Merle. On a guided tour of its natural art galleries, see rare representations of the human body and lifelike renderings of mammoths, spotted horses, and more. It was here that 17,000-year-old footprints of children were discovered preserved in the ancient clay. Stop for lunch on your own in the cliff-top Saint-Cirq-Lapopie, named one of the most beautiful villages in France. Continue to the bustling university city of Toulouse and check in to your hotel on the city’s main square. (B)

Day 6 — Basque Country of France and Spain

Journey to the French Basque region this morning and venture into the superimposed caves of Isturitz and Oxocelhaya with a local prehistory specialist. These caves were used for shelter or sanctuary from 80,000 years ago to the end of the Ice Age, and have yielded thousands of artifacts that offer insight into everyday life, including tools, musical instruments, and sculptures carved from bone and horn. Later, cross into Spain and follow the coast to the Cantabria region. Settle into a historic manor house in the heart of the medieval village of Santillana del Mar. (B,L,D)

Day 7 — Puente Viesgo Caves

Witness the oldest known art in the world on a visit to the caves at Puente Viesgo. Explore El Castillo, which bears paintings that date back at least 40,800 years, possibly done by Neanderthals. In Las Monedas cave, meander through chambers bristling with stalagmites, stalactites, and other formations. In the afternoon, visit Spain’s most celebrated Paleolithic cave art site: Altamira. Tour the Altamira Museum and visit a replica of the cave to see the magnificent paintings found within. (B,L,D)

Day 8 — El Pendo/Bilbao

Spend the morning at El Pendo cave, discovered in the late 19th century and where significant discoveries continue to be made, including evidence of a permanent Neanderthal settlement. The cave contains a series of paintings depicting some 24 animal figures including horse and ibex, dating to the archaic phase of Paleolithic art. Later, travel along the Bay of Biscay to Bilbao, the largest city in Spain’s Basque country, and check in to your hotel. Enjoy an afternoon and evening at leisure to explore this vibrant city, home to an eclectic mix of old and new architecture, including the world-renowned Guggenheim Museum designed by Frank Gehry—just a short walk from your hotel. (B)

Day 9 — Atapuerca

Join a local archaeologist for a visit to the World Heritage site of Atapuerca, located near the town of Burgos. Here, limestone caves have revealed 1.2 million-year-old hominin fossils, the oldest ever discovered in Europe. The caves were continuously inhabited over the millennia, offering archaeologists a treasure trove of finds as well as fascinating clues to the evolution and daily life of Europe’s earliest human ancestors. Return to Bilbao and celebrate your prehistoric adventure with a festive farewell dinner. (B,L,D)

Day 10 — Depart for the U.S.

Transfer to the airport at any time for your flight home. (B)

Included meals are denoted as follows: Breakfast (B), Lunch (L), Reception (R), Dinner (D)

Related Tours