Borobudur, named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991, is a Buddhist monument dating back to the 9th century. Located in Magelang, Central Java in Indonesia, the monument is decorated with 2,672 bas relief panels and 504 Buddhist statues. Borobudur serves as both a shrine and a pilgrimage site.
The structure of Borobudur lends itself to the telling of a story as visitors follow a path circumnavigating the monument while viewing the scenes of the relief panels found in the system of stairways and corridors. The path consists of six square platforms topped by three circular levels, which parallel the three levels of Buddhist cosmology—Kamadhatu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms), and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). (more…)