Photo: Lisbon, Portugal

August 4th, 2009 by Smithsonian Journeys
The Padrão dos Descobrimentos, the Monument to the Discoveries, was built to commemorate the Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. Photo: Flickr user Philip Larson

The Padrão dos Descobrimentos, the Monument to the Discoveries, was built to commemorate the Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. Photo: Flickr user Philip Larson

 

The Lisbon area is home to more than 2 million people, and has been inhabited since c. 1200 BCE. It came under Roman rule in 205 BCE and was later captured by the Moors, in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders conquered the area and Lisbon has served as Portugal’s most important city since then. Home to many famous explorers, led by Vasco de Gama, a lively merchant culture grew up around the ships that came constantly from exotic destinations.

Today, Lisboetas (as the residents call themselves) enjoy their nightlife, with many clubs occupying vintage mansions or old dockside hangouts. When you go to Lisbon, don’t miss the espresso, the fresh bread, or a ride on one of the city’s sunny yellow trams.

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